During these negotiations, the British consolidated their position after learning that Spain`s long siege had failed at Gibraltar. John Jay, in particular, was deeply concerned that France and its minister Charles Gravier, Count of Vergennes, would seek a separate peace with Britain at the expense of America to satisfy France`s ally Spain. There were the typical actions related to such important diplomatic maneuvers. But Benjamin Franklin, though suffering from gout, managed to make Vergennes understand that another French opposition to the treaty he had helped negotiate with Britain could put America back in British arms; He also wrote to Vergennes that the Americans and the French would not want the British to see them divided, and that is why France should support what the United States had accomplished in its separate negotiations. For Vergennes, this has helped to get out of a difficult situation, because he has not been able to link France`s foreign policy to Spain`s quest for years to go to Gibraltar. Vergennes was able to take advantage of the American initiative to convince the Spaniards to sign their contract. Under the terms of the British American Treaty, Britain recognized the independence of the United States with generous borders with the Mississippi, but retained Canada. Access to the fishery in Newfoundland was guaranteed to the Americans, and navigation of the Mississippi was to be opened to both the United Kingdom and the United States. Creditors of both countries should be hampered in collecting their debts, and Congress should recommend that states treat American loyalists fairly and restore their confiscated property. (Some of these provisions are expected to give rise to difficulties and disputes in the future.) The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848, ended the war between Mexico and the United States.
The war had begun nearly two years earlier, in May 1846, because of a territorial dispute with Texas. The contract added an additional 525,000 square miles for . Lire la paix de Paris, (1783), a collection of treaties that concluded the American Revolution and were signed by representatives of the United Kingdom, on the one hand, and the United States, France and Spain, on the other. Provisional articles (often called pre-Treaty of Paris) were signed on 30 November 1782 in Paris between Great Britain and the United States. On September 3, 1783, three definitive contracts were signed between Great Britain and the United States in Paris (the Treaty of Paris) and between Great Britain and France and Spain at Versailles. The Netherlands and Great Britain also signed a provisional treaty on 2 September 1783 and a final peace on 20 May 1784. Although British King Georg III and his ministers were in favour of the treaty, it was unpopular with British public opinion. . . .